5 Tips on How to Save on Gas (Part 2)

In 5 Tips on How to Save on Gas (Part 1), I shared with you tips to optimize your vehicle in order to save on gas. For this post, I will focus on the different driving habits you can apply to achieve a better fuel economy.

The Driving Habits We All Need to Practice

  • Take it slow.

    • First, you have to slow down. If you are not in hurry, please slow down. The topmost factor that affects your fuel mileage is air resistance. What does this mean? The moment you increase your speed, the more fuel will be consumed.
    • Fuel will exponentially exhausted if you drive swiftly. For instance, a 20-mile travel at speed of 45 MPH will take about 25 minutes, while quickly driving at 65 MPH will take 18 minutes. The difference is, more or less, 7 minutes, but the latter will consume more fuel. If you can spare 7 minutes, then, why rush, right?
    • Don’t hastily step on the gas pedal; you will just end up wasting heat from braking abruptly and waste more gas when you quickly accelerate.
  • Maintain a steady speed.

    • If you can, drive at a steady speed. Once you see a stop light, slowly shirt from 45 to 30 MPH. Never rush to step on the brakes the moment you a stop sign. Additionally, don’t immediate step on the accelerator the moment you see the green light. Do it slowly but surely!

white and black gas pump

  • Apply your brakes smoothly.

    • You don’t have to plan your brakes 2 blocks ahead of time, but it is also not a good idea to forcefully stomp on your brakes in time for a red light. No, don’t do that! Instead, there should be a smooth transition from fast to slow.
    • When you accelerate quickly, the car consumes more fuel. So, don’t be harsh when braking or accelerating. Step on the pedal slowly so that your car won’t burn so much gas.
  • Schedule ahead of time.

    • Plan your travels ahead of time so that you will traverse the shortest routes to your destination. Of course, if you are uncertain, you will travel back and forth. Moreover, you will stop at different rest areas or gas stations to ask for direction. To be honest, it’s a waste of both time and gas.
    • Better to plan ahead and take the easiest routes possible. Instead of running in circles, go over your travel checklist and hit all the important points.

A Gentle Reminder

All these tips point to one thing: maintaining your car in pristine condition will help you save on money and gas. Drive calmly and steadily, and choose the route with the least distance as possible. Common sense will help you in the long run. For instance, you want to get a cup of coffee. So, turn off your car and don’t let it sit there waiting for 5 to 10 minutes.

If you are waiting for someone to be ready, stay in the car, but you don’t have to switch on the engine during the 30 minutes of waiting. Yes, a warm engine will do better on the road. However, we are on the topic of saving gas. This is a friendly reminder brought to you by A+ PLUS AUTO GLASS. If you need help with your auto glass, A+ PLUS AUTO GLASS is a trusted partner of the major insurance providers in the country. For more information, call  A+ PLUS AUTO GLASS now at 623-218-6844 !

5 Tips on How to Save on Gas (Part 1)

Well, there it goes again! The gas prices have increased! We all want to save gas, and ultimately, save money. So, what can you do to improve your gas mileage?

In this blog post, I will discuss tips on optimizing your car to save some gas money. On part 2, I will share tips in improving your driving habits to help with your gas mileage. By following any of the tips I will share, you will surely see an improvement in gas mileage. Hence, it would mean that you could save hundreds of dollars every year. Besides, saving a few extra bucks will definitely help you along the way.

person taking a photo of blue and white gasoline station

Taking these tips to heart will help you to save gas and money. I promise you that these tips are worth the effort! Let’s get to it, shall we?

Optimize your car in order to save fuel

Fuel economy is a consideration when manufacturing a new vehicle. Of course, automakers would want you to save money, but over time, your car’s engine will depreciate. An automotive engineer will not be able to help you once your deteriorate, but following these tips will.

  • Check the Tire Pressure.

    • The more tires flex, the more energy they need. Also, when a tire has too much pressure will become worn more easily. So, you should consider finding balance, and finding the right pressure for your tires so that it will last long. Once your take care of your tires, you get to maximize its life span, and it will also help you in decreasing gas mileage too! Make sure that the tires are on its recommended pressure, okay?
  • Always Schedule a Tune Up.

    • Keeping the car tuned up is another essential tip. You should always follow the manufacturer’s guidelines, and adhere to the needs of your car. Even if it looks all right, your car may be out of tune or needs new parts.
  • Do a Regular Maintenance.

    • Aside from the tune up, don’t forget the usual routine of oil changes and air filter changes. These things should be done on a regular basis. Air cleaners are usually neglected so make it a habit to clean or replace the air filter.
  • Never Miss out on Repairs.

    • Whether it’s on your car’s engine or on the car’s body, you should not delay repairs. This is particularly important if the problem is on the engine because it loaded with various sensors. If these sensors malfunction, this will affect your its operation.
    • Once things get damaged, it could lead to some serious engine problems. Repairs should be on top of your priorities because it can cause deterioration of your fuel mileage.
  • Unload Your Car.

    • Lastly, you have to remember that it takes more energy to move if the your car weighs more. Inspect your trunk and empty it out. If you see certain things that you won’t need for the time being, unload it.
    • A few extra pounds can affect your gas mileage. So, get rid of unnecessary things except for your emergency supplies and tools.  Also, be careful of installing unimportant accessories because every additional weigh would mean cost you would need extra gas too!

Let’s continue the discussion on: 5 Tips on How to Save on Gas (Part 2)

Learn How Windshield Wipers Function (Part 2)

In Learn How Windshield Wipers Function (Part 1), I have discussed the inner workings of a windshield wiper. For the second part, I will

two person driving on rainy road

Pivot Points

  • Typically, cars follow the same suit, and the design will have two blades moving together.
  • For it to clean effectively, one swivels from the driver’s side of the car, and the second blade swivels from the middle. This is referred to as the Tandem System, and it is designed to keep foreign elements away from the driver’s point of view.
  • However, for some car manufacturers like Mercedes,  these brands use only one wiper that will cover the entire window. This system is called the Single Arm, and it is designed for an adequate coverage. Remember, this is more complex than the dual-wiper systems. Some cars are installed with a single wiper in the middle of the windshield.

Wiper Configurations

  • Next, let’s talk about the wiper controls. Generally, you can choose from the following: low speed, high speed, and an intermittent setting. If you choose either low or high speed, the electric motor will continually run. However, in the intermittent setting, the wipers will temporarily stop in between each wipe. For most cars, there’s just one intermittent setting. Meanwhile, other vehicles may include 10 different settings that you can set in any interval.
  • Wiper settings can get a little too complicated. Because if it is too fast, the windshield becomes too dry and the wipers will make a squeaking sound. If the wiper is too slow, your view will filled with snow or raindrops.
  • Moreover, you also consider that the water hitting your windshield will vary as the car accelerates and  slows. You have to be attentive to make sure that the wipers are properly working depending on the situation. That’s why automakers have come up with a solution with the invention of the rain-sensing wiper.

Rain-detecting Wipers

  • Manufacturers have tried to remove the wiper controls through the detection of  rain vibrations. Some even use technology that will stop raindrops to form. Thus, there’s NO need to wipe your windows. However, these inventions have problems too, and they never materialized.
  • There is a new wiper system that does a wonderful job of detecting water on the windshield is a rain sensor system. Typically, the sensor is installed in the interior part of the windshield, which is close to the rearview mirror.
  • The sensor will emit an infrared light to the windshield. If the windshield is dry, the light will just bounce back. If water is present, the infrared lights will reflect to other directions. The wetter the windshield, the less infrared light will bounce back to the sensor.
  • This kind of system is usually found on numerous General Motors cars, such as the Cadillac models. It can be switched off in case you need to wash or repair your car.

Wiper blades are essential to keep your auto glass any elements and to avoid distractions while you drive. This was discussed on Why Windshield Wipers Are Essential to Driving.

If you need help with your auto glass and windshield wipers,  A+ PLUS AUTO GLASS can help you. To schedule an auto glass inspection and repair, you can call 623-218-6844, and A+ PLUS AUTO GLASS will take care of your precious vehicle.

Learn How Windshield Wipers Function (Part 1)

Windshield wipers were not automatically functioning using a press of a button. Originally, it was manually operated by turning a lever. Nowadays, the windshield wipers have evolved, and it can operate with less intervention. The wipers can silently work in the background while keeping your windows clear from distractions.  It can move back and forth across innumerable times to keep rain or snow is away from your view of the road. In this post, you will learn the different mechanisms that affect windshield wipers.

Windshield wipers are not only found on your cars, but it is also present in airplanes, buses, and other means of transportation. Now, let’s focus on inside the wipers first.

vehicle wiper on vehicle windshield

What’s Inside the Wipers?

There are two technologies that help wipers do their tasks:
  • The electric motor and gear reduction gives power.
  • Meanwhile, a linkage transforms the rotational movement to back-and-forth motion you normally see wipers do.

Motor and Gear Reduction

  • Wipers would need a huge amount of force to accelerate to allow the blades to quickly move back and forth. To do this, a worm gear is necessary.
  • Inside the motor, there is an electronic circuit that checks if the wipers are down. Moreover, it is the circuit’s responsibility to ensure that the wipers stay at the bottom at all times. Additionally, if you set it to intermittent setting, it is the circuit that will maneuver the wipers in between positions.

Linkage

  • A camshaft is added to the gear reduction, and this will be spinning as the wiper motor rotates. There is an attached long road; when the cam twirls, the rod will operate back and forth. Now, we will now proceed with the specific functionalities of the wiper blades.

Wiper Blades

  • The wiper blade is held up in six different positions to allow even pressure distribution. The wiper act as sponges, and the arms yank a rubber strip over the windshield to keep the windshield free from water.
  • When the wiper blade is new, the rubber will work seamlessly. It will be clean, and it will have NO visible cracks to interfere with the wiping. If the rubber is damaged, it will leave marks or streaks on your windshield.
  • So, check your wipers from time to time. Clean it and keep it free from grime and dust build-up. If you notice any nicks, cracks, or any signs of aging, make sure to replace it. Because if you don’t, more dirt will come off the wipers. Dirt and dust will hide in these little spaces.
  • Another thing to consider is the length of the rubber. The wiper blades are made to stick to the middle, but some rubber wipers stretch out like a branch of a tree. If ice or snow accumulates in these spaces, it will start to form streaks. So, you better get some winter blade with a special rubber to drive away any sign of snow and ice from your windshield. More details will be discussed on Learn How Windshield Wipers Function (Part 2).

How to Replace Your Wiper Blades?

You could purchase the most expensive windshield wiper online, and it would not help you once the wiper arms are damaged. At A+ PLUS AUTO GLASS, we understand the intricacies of the windshield wiper. Whether you need help with windshield, your windshield wiper, your wiper blades, and other parts, we can surely help you.

person driving the car

Do My Windshield Wipers Need Replacement?

To know if your wipers are still working fine, you need to test it. Once a month, you should inspect for any signs of depreciation:

  • Wiper blades are sticking to the auto glass
  • Noise on the windshield when wiper is on use
  • Blade marks on the auto glass
  • Smears on your windshield

So, if you notice any, or all, of these signs, it is best to replace the wiper blades immediately. You should do it the soonest possible time before you encounter more harsh weather conditions such as rain, fog, and snow.

The Different Types of Wiper Blades

Basically, there are three types of wiper blades:

  1. Frame

  • This is the most common type available in the market today. To repair this, you can replace just the rubber insert. Frame-style blades can help you in almost all driving conditions
  1. Winter

  • This is like the first one in terms of design, but it comes with an added feature. Unlike the frame-style, the winter-style has a rubber sheath on it so that the snow won’t accumulate on your windshield. Ultimately, this is made to help you endure tougher weather conditions.
  1. Single Beam

  • Finally, there’s the single beam wipers. These are visually pleasing wiper blades won’t help you in terms of driving away snow and dust. Single beams are the most expensive out of the three styles, and you can’t replace a part of it. You will need to change the whole set.

How to Replace Wiper Blades?

  • First, you have to know the size and type of your wiper blade. This is indicated on the owner’s manual so be sure to check that out before making necessary repairs.
  • For some wiper blades, you can replace the rubber insert with a new one. Meanwhile, for other types, you may need to replace the whole blade.
  • Know the unlatching mechanism. Different car manufacturers have different hook designs. To replace, you only need to pinch and pull to remove the blade. For other types, you may need to push a button or pull a latch.
  • Remove the defective wiper blade. You may have to wrap the blade with a towel to avoid damaging your windshield if the wipers touches the auto glass.
  • Use the rubber optimizer pad. Some wiper blades come with an optimizer pad. This will help you clean the wipers before installing them. It will help you remove any grease or oil from the rubber.
  • Remove the plastic protector. Lastly, once you installed them, be sure to get the plastic off.  This thin covering is visible from the rubber side of the blade.

Changing the wiper blades on your car is an easy task, and A+ PLUS AUTO GLASS can even make it easier for you. If you need help, we can help you with that. All you need to do is call 623-218-6844, and A+ PLUS AUTO GLASS will help you find the right wiper blades for your vehicle.

Why Windshield Wipers Are Essential to Driving

When you’re on the road for an important errand or for a planned trip to the beach, bad weather can happen anytime and you can’t just stop it from happening. So, for you to conquer any unexpected weather changes, you need your windshield wipers to work correctly. If it’s not working, then, this is a reminder to replace your windshield wiper parts immediately.

vehicle glass with water droplets

Why Are Windshield Wipers Important?

For your safety, you must ensure that everything should be visible and clear. Visibility is only guaranteed when your windshield is clean. Having a clean and clear windshield is important for safe driving. Thus, you will also need a properly working wiper blades to ensure the cleanliness and clarity of your windshield.

This is particularly important when you are driving during bad weather conditions. Also, working wipers are essential when the road is dusty and/or there’s a swarm of bugs floating around. That is why it is important to regularly change the wiper blades of your vehicle. Changing the wiper blades will not require you a special set of tools. In fact, any auto repair shop can help you with getting a new one installed.

Getting a New Set of Wiper Blades

First, you should ask yourself… are you replacing the entire wiper blade or are you replacing only the rubber parts? If you insist on replacing the rubber insert, you will need a needle-nose pliers to do the job. However, most people prefer to change the whole thing for faster and easier repair.

How to Pick the Right Wiper Blades?

You should know that every car has its own recommended size. It is important to choose the recommended replacement part according to the vehicle model and year. More importantly, you should select the correct size for your car. Here’s what you should do:

  • Check the owner’s manual to find out more
  • Visit an auto parts store or an auto repair shop, and ask help regarding your wiper size
  • Research online for the correct wiper size
  • Or you can always measure the size of your current wiper blades

Clear vision is needed when you are driving, and there’s no way around it. Your windshield wiper should be always clean and clear of debris at all times. Even the little things on your car, like the wiper, and other related parts, are important for you safety. Whatever elements you experience on the road, you are ready to what Mother Nature will hurl your way.

Moreover, other environmental factors, like exposure to the sun for too long, can also contribute to the hardening and breaking the rubber. Once you do not take care of it, the windshield wipers can cause an annoying screech, and dirty wipers can even add a blemish to your auto glass.

Hence, if you notice that the wiper components start to give up on you, check out A+ PLUS AUTO GLASS. Have your auto glass and the other related car accessories checked at A+ PLUS AUTO GLASS. To have your auto glass inspected, you may call the number 623-218-6844 right now!

 

Safe Driving Tips for Older Drivers

Now that I have discussed Driving Tips for Teens and What You Need to Know About Texting While Driving, I guess it is time to focus on the older demographic. So, what are the safety tips for older drivers? Well, in this blog post, I will talk about the driving tips in order for the people in their 60’s, 70’s, and 80’s to travel safely.

  • Always wear your seat belts. Even though you have been driving for years, don’t be complacent. You should make it a habit to buckle up before you start your trip. If you the belt feels uncomfortable, you can adjust the mount to your preference or you may buy a shoulder pad for additional comfort.
  • Put your phone on silent mode. Your mobile phone can distract you while driving. Make sure to avoid looking at your phone while on the road. Your focus should be your safety. Moreover, do not attempt to call or text anyone while driving. It is best to switch your phone off or put it on silent mode.
  • Eating while driving is huge NO! Aside from your texting and calling, eating can also be a distraction. If you are feeling hungry, stop at a nearby gas station to grab a sandwich. You can also eat some snack or grab some refreshments at a parking space.
  • Never drink and drive. As time passes, a person’s alcohol tolerance may decrease. For older people, a glass of wine can already hamper driving capabilities. Thus, one drink can make you unfit to drive. So, avoid instances where alcohol is involved.
  • Get rid of other distractions. It’s not just your phone that can distract you, but also listening to music and talking to other passengers. If you easily get distracted, switch off the stereo and focus your attention to what is ahead of you.

person driving black coupe during daytime

  • Drive during the day.  Older people tend to have a eyesight. So, if you are one of the people who experience visual problems, drive during daytime. Avoid driving at night because you might find the headlights too glaring.
  • Always check the weather.  If the weather is bad, don’t go out. Weather conditions, such as the rain, fog, and snow, can pose as a threat for older drivers. If you need to go somewhere, you can take a cab or carpool with someone else.
  • Schedule your activities when there is less traffic.  Traffic jams can stress and annoy everyone. So, avoid going out during rush hours. If you are not in a hurry, you can always travel when the traffic is lighter.
  • Do not drive when you are tired.  If you are feeling under the radar, do not force yourself to drive. Just sit and relax a bit. Then, drive when you are already relaxed.
  • Know the side effects of your medications. Lastly, when you are old, for sure, there are maintenance medications that are taking. Make sure these meds won’t make you feel sleepy or lethargic. Some prescriptions may affect your focus and attention. So, be cautious on driving while taking the medication. Browse through all your medications before you hit the road.

What You Need to Know About Texting While Driving

In my post on Driving Tips for Teens (Part 1), I have share about the need to focus. At all times, the designated drivers must focus and plan his travel well. Nowadays, the dangers of driving get higher and higher each day because of the many distractions. Aside from drunk driving, people are constantly bombarded with distractions. For instance, many drivers are guilty of using their phone while driving.

gray Volkswagen vehicle steering wheel

According to the National Safety Council, there are an estimate of 1.6 million car accidents each year because of phone use. So, can we say that texting drivers are more at risk than drunk drivers? Let’s all find out!

The Data on Texting While Driving

Texting while driving affects everyone, but the numbers are high especially for teenagers. Here are the statistics:

  • In 2015 alone, the the National Safety Council stated that 27% of car accidents are due to mobile phone use. Moreover, distracted driving are not accurately reported, or reported as less than the real numbers.
  • As per the NHTSA, 481,000 drivers admitted that they are using their phones while on the road.
  • Meanwhile, according to AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, the leading causes of car crashes among teen drivers are interacting with the others, using of mobile phones, and looking for items in the car.
  • On a AAA poll, 94% of teens admitted that they know about the risks of texting and driving, but 35% of them still do it nevertheless.
  • The Virginia Technical Transportation Institute, and USDOT reported that texting heightens the chances of a car crash.
  • Lastly, the NHTSA calculated that the sending (or reading) text message will distract you for about five second. In this given time, you can travel across a football field at 55 mph.

Texting while driving vs drunk driving

One would think that texting while driving is NOT as dangerious as drunk driving. However, the truth is that texting is as hazardous as drinking. If you read this University of Utah study, the researchers found out that the texting drivers are slower. Hence, they are 9% slower in hitting the brakes, and 19% slower to go back to normal speed after applying the brakes.

Other studies assert that texting is more dangerous than drinking.  In texting,  the driver is distracted on many different levels: 1. physically (because you need to hold the phone and tap the screen), 2. visually (because you need to glance or look over your phone), and 3. cognitively (because you need to think of what to text).

Some argue, the NSC in particular, stated that the distracted driving cases could be extremely underreported. The numbers may possibly be higher than the reported cases.

Here’s what you can do!

Learn to protect yourself by following these safety tips:

  1. Plan your trips ahead of time. If you constantly rely on your GPS for distraction, this could put you at risk.
  2. If you need to answer an important message, let your fellow passengers help. When no one is there to help you, pull over and stop the car while you respond to the messages.
  3. Finally, I will remind you to avoid drinking and taking medications with side effects. If you can, turn off your phone or put it on silent mode.

Driving Tips for Teens (Part 2)

woman wearing black cap driving vehicleIn Driving Tips for Teens (Part 1), I already discussed the basics in driving defensively. For this follow-up post, I will share specific tips for better driving. Read this carefully especially if you’re a teenager. These tips will help you to be aware and take the necessary actions when you are on the road.

Here are the defensive driving tips you need to know about:

  1. Your safety should always come first.

    • Whatever is provoking you, just let it go. More than anything else, your safety should be your priority.  Do not get into situation that evoke your aggressive tendencies.
    • Just do your best to avoid other people’s bad driving. All you need to do is allocate a lot of space between you car and the other vehicle. Most importantly, never forget to wear your seatbelt. In case anything happens, it will protect you from being thrown out of your car.
  2. Check your surroundings and pay close attention.

    • Always lock your doors at all times, and check your mirrors for anything near you. Take time to constantly scan on the things that can be near you. Scan the environment and assess what could happen in 20 to 30.
    • This is a related tip to the reminder on Driving Tips for Teens (Part 1), which to focus on the road. If you notice a fast car approaching your direction, slow down and bring the vehicle to a stop at a curb or at the side of a road.’
    • Aside from cars, you also need to watch for any pedestrians, bicyclists, and animals near you. These other factors can just appear out of nowhere and startle you.
  3. Do not rely on other motorists.

    • Your safety in your hands. Do not expect that others would be considerate of you or give way in case of a traffic congestion. Always assume that other people will beat the red light or ignore the stop sign. So, you can be prepared to act in case they really do the worst. Plan your course of action and do not put your fate in the hands of a stranger.
  4. Allocate 3 to 4 seconds.

    • Under normal traffic conditions, always allocate around 3 to 4 seconds. This will help you create a safe distance with other vehicles on the road. With the 3 to 4 seconds buffer, you will have time to apply the brakes if necessary.
    • In a bad weather, you should increase the allocation. More seconds will mean additional distance especially if you are following a huge delivery truck. This also applies when the weather is rainy, foggy, or snowy.

These are just some of the important driving tips. You have to take note that according to the U.S. Department of Transportation, 90% of the car crashes are due to the driver error or human error.

If you need more tips on defensive driving, you can head to your local AAA or the Department of Motor Vehicles office in your state. This is a friendly reminder from A+ PLUS AUTO GLASS. Since we are on the topic of safety, you can have your auto glass checked at A+ PLUS AUTO GLASS. You can schedule an auto glass inspection by calling the number 623-218-6844 today!

Driving Tips for Teens (Part 1)

If you have kids, it’s important to train them to be defensive drivers. Whether you admit it or not, most teens can be reckless and aggressive. However, when teen drive defensively, they will surely lower the chances of car crashes. Thus, it will enhance safety if they are behind the wheel.woman sitting inside car

Remember, even if you train your teenager to drive well, other people won’t. Some drivers speed up like the world is a video game. Meanwhile, others tend to be absent-minded. They are not paying attention because they are distracted with something else.

Yes, reckless driving can lead to accidents, which is the one of the leading causes of road crashes. However, distracted driving is way worse because people tend to multitask while on the road.

Nowadays, people tend to be answering calls, checking on their phones, eating snacks, or watching videos while driving. The actions of other people are something you can’t control, but applying defensive driving can help your teen avoid potential road accidents.

Practice Some Skills to Help You Be in Control

Before you let your teenager sit behind the wheel, there are some safety tips to remember.

  • Focus on the road.
    • You have to remind your teen that driving requires a lot of focus. It is a task that will need critical thinking. Once they are behind the wheel, there many things to consider such as the roads, the vehicle speed, the traffic signs, the road markings, and so on.
    • Teens need to devote all their might to be attentive and stay focused. This is the only way to ensure safety. Moreover, distractions will just aggravate the situation. So, they should avoid using their mobile phone, eating, or other activities.
    • At the end of the day, it’s not the teen’s fault. The problems lie when they become overconfident with their driving skills. Whether the driver is a teenager or an adult, you should always keep your eyes on the road.
  • Be alert at all times.
    • When one is alert, they can easily react to problems. For instance, drivers can step on the brakes quickly if the need arises.
    • If drivers are under the influence of alcohol or drugs, obviously, they won’t be able to react as fast as they can. Also, driving while you are drowsy is as dangerous as drunk driving. So, take a nap before heading on a roadtrip.

Knowing Your Driving Style

You can’t control how others drive, but you can always work on your driving skills. Car crashes are the notorious killer of teenagers.

Always watch out for other vehicles.  If you want your teen to be in control, they have to be aware of other drivers.

One needs to anticipate what the other vehicles might do at any given time, Then, adjust to this changes so it will lessen the chances of accidents and collisions.

Eight Tips to Better Driving

On the next post, I will share with you specific tips in order to drive defensively. For more safety tips, refer to Driving Tips for Teens (Part 2)!